taking breast milk or infant formula. Most babies now take about 6 ounces every 4-5 hours. There is no need for juice until your baby can drink it from a cup. ” src=”http://www.doctorhuntersville.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/baby_bottlefeeding-300×199.jpg” alt=”Your baby should still be taking breast milk or infant formula. Most babies now take about 6 ounces every 4-5 hours. There is no need for juice until your baby can drink it from a cup. ” width=”300″ height=”199″ />Your baby should still be taking breast milk or infant formula. Most babies now take about 6 ounces every 4-5 hours. There is no need for juice until your baby can drink it from a cup.
Even if you only give your baby breast milk, it is a good idea to sometimes feed your baby with pumped milk that you put in a bottle. Then your baby will learn another way to drink milk and other people can enjoy feeding him.
When bottle feeding your baby, always hold the bottle and do not prop it up with other objects. Never leave the baby in bed with a bottle because it can lead to tooth decay. Don’t give your baby a bottle just to quiet him when he really isn’t hungry. Find another security object like a stuffed animal or blanket. Babies who suck on a bottle for prolonged periods of time have difficulty weaning and can develop tooth decay.
Some babies are ready to start cereal at this age. A baby is ready for cereal when he is able to hold his head up enough to eat from a spoon (if your baby doesn’t seem ready for a spoon, then he isn’t ready for solids), can sit with support, and watches you wide-eyed and wide-mouthed as you eat. Cereal should not be given from a bottle. Start with rice cereal mixed with breast milk or formula. The cereal should be iron-fortified. You may want to start with a thin mix of cereal and then thicken it gradually. If he doesn’t seem to like it at first, wait a week or so and try again.
If your baby is strictly breastfed and unable to take cereal, ask your doctor about iron and vitamin D supplementation. Baby food can also be started between 4 and 6 months. Start with vegetables and start a new one no more than every 5 days to make sure your baby is not allergic to the new food. Move to fruits after trying several vegetables. Cereal and baby food should not replace breast milk or formula.
Babies are starting to roll over from stomach to back. Your baby may squeal when happy. If he cries, soothing voices are the best way to calm him. Babies at this age may make attempts to reach for faces or toys, but mostly they kick and flail their arms when they are excited or interested in something. Drooling and putting hands in the mouth begin at this age. “Tummy time” when playing may encourage motor skills.
is no vaccine to prevent a cold and no medication to cure it. Colds are caused by viral infections, and antibiotics are not effective against viruses. The have absolutely no effect on the course of a cold. Treatment is geared toward relieving the symptoms while the infection runs its course.
Antibiotics are used only to treat a bacterial infection. Saline nose drops followed by bulb suctioning can help with nasal congestion and cough. Aspirin is not recommended for children, and ibuprofen is not recommended until 6 months of age. Tylenol is useful for fever or irritability.
Never leave your child alone, except in a crib.
Avoid Suffocation and Choking
- Remove hanging mobiles/toys from the crib before the baby can reach them
- Keep cords, ropes, strings away from your baby, especially near the crib
- Keep plastic bags, balloons, and baby powder out of reach
- Use only unbreakable toys with no sharp edges or small parts that could come loose
Prevent Fires, Burns, Scalds
- Never eat, drink, or carry anything hot near the baby
- Turn your water heater down to 120 degrees F
- Install smoke detectors
- Keep a fire extinguisher in or near the kitchen
- Don’t smoke inside the house or near your baby
- Never leave a child alone in a car, even for a minute
- Use an approved infant car seat. Go to safekidscharmeck.org and click on “Calendar” to find out about local car seat checks
- Never step away when the baby is on a high place, even the changing table
- Never place your baby’s car seat unattended on a counter or tabletop
- Keep the crib sides up
At this age your baby should receive the following vaccines:
- DPT (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus)
- HiB (Haemophilus influenza type B)
- Hepatitis B
- Prevnar (pneumococcus)
- Oral Rotavirus
Some of these vaccines are mixed together to minimize the number of shots. Your baby may run a fever and be irritable for about 1 day after getting shots. Your baby may also have some soreness, redness, and swelling where the shots were given. Tylenol drops (1/2 dropperful or 0.4 ml) every 4-6 hours may prevent fever and irritability. For swelling or soreness, try a cool, wet washcloth on the area.
Call Your Child’s Physician If:
- Your child has a rash or any reaction other than those described above after vaccination
- You are concerned about a fever or if your child is listless
- Your child does not want to eat or vomits multiple times in a day
- Your baby has no wet diapers for 8 hours
- Your child exhibits difficulty breathing